TwitterLit Advice Issue 3: What You Shouldn’t Put in Your Query

Victoria Loder, Agent with The Rights Factory recently started a new series of tweets called Things Not to Include in Your Query. It’s pretty informative and funny, so if you haven’t checked it out yet, please do.

That got me thinking: there must be a lot of #TwitterLit advice from agents, publishers, and the like about what things you shouldn’t put in your query.

There doesn’t seem to be a single popular hashtag that specifically addresses query dont’s. #querynonos and #querynono have both been used in the past. You can also search #querytip, #subtip, and #pubtip for general do’s and dont’s about querying.

Let’s get down to it. The list of what you shouldn’t put in your query is virtually endless, but here are the most common mistakes writers seem to be making:


Generalized openings:


Ignoring submission guidelines:


Bashing yourself or other writers, genres, agents, etc.


Pitching more than one book in a single query:




Rhetorical questions:


Missing Stakes:

TwitterLit Advice Issue 1: Writing a Synopsis

If you’re a writer, #TwitterLit is the place to be! You can connect with authors, readers, agents, editors, and publishers, get all kinds of writing / editing / querying advice, participate in Twitter pitch parties, win books, critiques, and mentorships, and so much more.

If you’re not on Twitter, get on it. If you can’t, I’ll do my best to keep you in the loop with this #TwitterLit Advice series.

In each issue, I will focus on a specific aspect of writing, and share the best advice I can find from agents, editors, publishers, and published authors on Twitter. I’ll occasionally share advice from readers and unpublished authors when relevant to the topic.

Today, I’m going to to share Twitter advice about writing a synopsis. You don’t have to look far on Twitter to find writers struggling to write a synopsis:

About that last tweet: when we talk about a synopsis, we’re not talking about the 100 or so word blurb that goes in your query letter:

The query and the synopsis have different forms and functions:

A synopsis lays out the main plot points of your entire book, including how it ends:

Agents and editors need a synopsis to do their job. It’s a tool they use throughout the publishing process:

Your synopsis should be thorough, but focused:

Be concise, but be specific in your synopsis:

Some agents will want you to send a synopsis even if they haven’t specifically asked for it, while others say only send it if they have.

Yes, sometimes #TwitterLit gives conflicting advice. What isn’t unclear: you should write a synopsis before you start querying, and you should always follow submission guidelines:

And never include a synopsis in place of a query:

Finally, a few miscellaneous synopsis writing tips:

How to Write Without Editing

for the Sake of your NaNoing Sanity

Every November, a battle cry can be heard across the globe as burgeoning writers take up their sharp implements against a common foe—the editor within.

National Novel Writing Month (NaNoWriMo) is when everyone asks the same question: is it really possible to write 50,000 words in thirty days? As a past NaNoWriMo winner, I promise you it is possible – if you can ignore your internal editor.

Under normal circumstances, I can take three days to write a paragraph: I write it, read it, edit it, re-read it, scrap it, rewrite it, and edit it again before I can finally move on. Often, that paragraph gets scrapped in a later draft. Why did I waste all that time?

My internal editor is a problem: I know it and he knows it. NOTE: for the purposes of this article, the internal editor will hereafter be referred to as a “he”.

You need to shut down your internal editor for the all-important month of November. NaNoWriMo is about producing quantity, not quality. As awful as that sounds, it really is a good thing. Instead of spending several hours perfecting something you may scrap later, you can just focus on completing the story.

Below, you’ll find six strategies you can use to defeat your internal editor without injury to either party. You don’t want to kill him after all; you just want to send him on a thirty-day vacation.

1. Ignore Him

He’s there and he’s talking. He’s ALWAYS talking and you can’t make it stop! Have you ever considered just ignoring him?

You’re bound to hear a little voice in your head saying, “That’s the worst sentence you’ve ever written.” Under normal circumstances, you’d backspace and rewrite the offending sentence into something tolerable. But what if you didn’t? What if you just left that terrible sentence there and kept writing? What’s the worst that could happen? The sentence will still be there when it’s time to edit. If it’s that bad, you’re not going to miss it. If you do miss it, it couldn’t have been that bad a sentence to begin with.

The purpose of each sentence you write during NaNoWriMo is to get you from Point A to Point B; it’s not about blowing the mind of a potential reader. No one but you is ever going read your first draft. Just ignore that little voice in your head telling you that you’re not good enough.

2. Pick a Point in the Distance and Keep Walking

So you ignored him, but now he’s following you around like a little lost puppy dog. What do you do now? Just keep walking my friend and don’t look back!

You want to always be moving forward, never backward. Remember what I was saying about Point A to Point B? You must always remember the end goal: a finished story. What you’re writing has a purpose, even if it’s complete dribble. It is your plot, your rough draft, your outline—whatever you want to call it. It is the meat of your novel without any of the garnishes. So when your internal editor calls out in that pathetic ‘how can you just ignore me’ way, don’t look into those sad puppy dog eyes or you’re a goner.

Remember the goal and keep pushing towards it. Don’t reread anything you’ve written. Even if you want to remember where you left off yesterday, leave yourself a note with a one-line reminder of where you are in the story (e.g. Sara and Danny are arguing). Never re-read anything until you’re done your first draft.

3. Blindfold Him

You’ve turned a blind-eye to him, but he can still see you clear as day. Will he ever stop following you? The least you can do is slow him down!

If your eyes just keep drifting upwards, it’s time to do something drastic: invisible ink! Thankfully, we don’t need real invisible ink—we have computers now-a-days. Go to the font menu of your word processor and change your text color to white. As you’re typing, the words will be inputted, the cursor will be moving forward, but you won’t be able to see the words because the text color matches the background.

If that wall of white makes you uneasy, you can always go with something more colorful. Change your background to blue, or yellow, or pink—whatever makes you happy and puts you in a creative mood. The important thing is that your text color matches the background. It’s a good idea to turn off your grammar and spelling checker too so you don’t see any green or red squiggly lines.

I want to warn you that turning off your monitor is not an acceptable alternative. Between pop-ups and error messages, the last thing you need is to turn on the monitor after an uninterrupted hour of typing to discover another window interfered with your keystrokes. With the text color method, you can always see the word processor window and your cursor jumping perpetually forward.

4. Lose Him

Somehow, he’s managed to stay nearby, so he must be tracking your scent—the clear, unmistakable smell of NaNoWriMo fear. It’s time to go futuristic on his ass and try a little teleportation. See if he can track you now!

Writer’s block is bound to happen, so remember: the goal of NaNoWriMo is to write 50,000 words in 30 days—it doesn’t matter in what order. If you’re stuck on one spot in your story, jump to somewhere else that excites you. Is there a big fight scene at the end you’ve been looking forward to writing? Write it now! The other benefit to not being worried about the quality of your writing is that you can worry about correcting continuity errors later. Keep it fun and write what you want, when you want.

If you’re going to do this, organization is key. I find it useful to save my novel in individual scenes, rather than as one big wall of text. Software programs like Scrivener make this method extra easy, but you can do it with your regular word processor too. Just save your scene with a title that describes what’s happening in the scene. I like to track my scenes in a companion excel sheet to make it extra easy to re-organize later.

5. Throw Him a Bone

You’ve tried everything, it seems, but you just can’t shake him. That’s alright—this is a marathon, not a sprint.

If you can’t concentrate on writing anymore, or if your internal editor is starting to take over, take a break. Eat a snack, have a glass of water, stretch a few muscles. It’s easy to forget to take care of yourself when you’re sitting for a long time, but, if anything, you need to take better care!

Here’s some things you can do:
– Keep some healthy snacks handy like fruits, veggies, crackers, lean meats, nuts and seeds
– Stand up once in a while and do some quick stretches at your desk or table
– Keep a bottle of water nearby and take a mouthful or two every ten minutes
– If you’re feeling unenergetic, a brisk walk around the block will wake you up, especially if you live in a colder climate like me

Don’t take too long of a break, though. It may be hard to get mobile again if you give your brain too much time to relax. It only takes one misstep to break the writing routine you’ve created. Television is not your friend! Watching one episode of your favourite show will take at least 30 minutes of your time, possibly an hour, so don’t fall into that trap. Think about the time you’ll waste on commercials alone!

6. Phone a Friend

It’s been hours, days, even weeks, and this guy is just about to tip you over the edge. That’s ok, just grab your phone, call your BFF, and shout, “I’m about to murderize him!”

Your lifeline in NaNoWriMo is your people: friends, family, ghosts—whomever it is you speak to when you’re feeling stressed. The best thing you can do is find a writing partner, preferably someone who is also participating in the event, to keep you accountable. If you know so-and-so is waiting for you at the library, you’re much more likely to stick to your routine. They’ll also be a great person to brainstorm with, or a wonderful shoulder to cry on if you get overwhelmed. Ideally, they will keep you calm and help you chill—without having to throw you in a snow bank.

Don’t forget about your local/regional Municipal Liaisons! We’re here to help writers by organizing group write-ins for mutual accountability. has plenty of fantastic online resources, including chat rooms, forums, and much more. No need to “murderize” anyone—after all, you’ll want your internal editor back when November is over!